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Flood

The majority of flooding in the US happens along the coastal regions of the East and Southeast. Besides a potential threat to human life, a major risk associated with floods is the loss of inventory material. Sometimes, homeowner insurance flood or renters insurance cover flood is not sufficient to save your inventory.

Basements are most likely to get affected by floods, and even then, basement flood insurance can be inadequate. What you need is a complete and organized method of managing your inventory so that even in case of a major hazard, such as floods, you can efficiently keep track of all your inventories.

Flood

The majority of flooding in the US happens along the coastal regions of the East and Southeast. It includes the Eastern interior states, too. In addition, as we progress west, the flood states also include North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Texas. These are the states and areas that experience the majority of flooding in the United States.

The most common flood type is Flash floods, and they normally occur in dry channels in arid zones, known as arroyos in the southwest United States.

The following information is courtesy of the National Weather Service:
January 19-20, 1996
The Northeast Floods of January 1996 were the result of very rapid snowmelt punctuated by a short but intense rainfall; 2 to 4 inches of rain. What made this event so unusual was the nature and the intensity of the snowmelt, combined with the intense rainfall for this time of year over such a large geographical area. The flooding was compounded by ice movement and jamming in many of the rivers and streams. The floods were described by some as “flash floods” for main-stem rivers due to the unprecedented rates of rising recorded during this event. Record flooding on Schoharie Creek and significant floods on Mohawk River at Schenectady and on the Hudson at Albany (15.5 feet; greatest since New Year 1949).
Hurricane Bertha, July 1996

Hurricane Bertha was an early season Category 2 storm when it made landfall on the coast of North Carolina on July 12, 1996. The storm continued up the east coast into southeast New England. Heavy rains of 5 to 7 inches were reported in the Lower to Mid Hudson Valley and in the Catskills. Due to heavy precipitation flash flooding occurred in Columbia and Dutchess counties causing states of emergency. In Albany County several roads and small streams were flooded. The Normans Kill Creek spilled over its banks. Flooding was most widespread in the Towns of Bethlehem, New Scotland and Rensselaerville. High winds contributed to scattered power outages across Eastern New York State. Across Berkshire (MA) and Litchfield (CT) counties rain totals ranged from 3 to 5 inches and minor river flooding occurred across the area.

January 1998
A catastrophic ice storm and flood event struck northern New England and northern New York during the first two weeks of January 1998. Heavy rain associated with a warm moist air mass overspread a shallow but dense layer of cold air producing ice accumulations in excess of 3 inches. Heavy rainfall, exceeding 4 inches in some areas, combined with significant runoff from melting snowpack to produce record flooding. National Weather Service Service Assessment.
Tropical Storm Floyd- September 1999
Tropical Storm Floyd dumped very heavy rains, 3 to almost 12 inches, across the region. National Hurricane Center – Tropical Cyclone Report. 
September 17-18, 2004
The remnants of Hurricane Ivan dumped heavy rains across the region, up to 6 inches in some locales.
January 2005
In mid-January, warm, breezy conditions combined with high dew points melted most of the snow across the area. Runoff from the melt combined with runoff from heavy rains causes some flooding and flash flooding. The stage below Stevenson Dam on the Housatonic was the highest since 1960. The stage on the Wappingers Creek at Wappingers Falls was the highest since 1987.
April 2005
Combination of high pre-storm flows, rain plus snowmelt. A slow-moving storm moved up through the Appalachians and into the northeast, producing an extended period of rainfall on April 2-4th. The heaviest rain and worst flooding occurred in Ulster and Greene Counties. Upslope flow enhanced rainfall amounts in the Catskills, where generally 3 to 6 inches fell. Flood of record occurred on the Esopus Creek (Mount Marion 26.24 feet). USGS estimated it as a 100-year event for the Upper Hudson Basin. Sacandaga Lake and Indian lake were nearly empty and were able to cut half the peak flow off the Hudson. As a result, moderate as opposed to devastating flooding resulted on the Hudson River.
Flash Flooding: Warren County - June 13th, 2005
TThunderstorms moving from west to east repeatedly affected the same areas of central Warren County between about 6 pm and 9 pm, with over 6 inches of rain fell at Bolton Landing. Flash flooding washed out a portion of the Northway between Exit 23 and 24.
October 2005
According to the Drought Monitor of September 27th, 2005, the southern part of the Albany Hydrologic Service Area was in a moderate drought. This changed dramatically in October 2005 as two rain events dumped a total of 1 to 2 feet of rain across the driest areas. In the first event, October 7-9th, the remnants of Tropical Storm Tammy interacted with a cold front; then, a stationary low pressure sat south of Long Island and brought periods of heavy rain to New York and New England the 12th through 14th. The worst flooding occurred in Dutchess County, New York and Litchfield County, Connecticut, where moderate to major flooding was reported..
End of June 2006
Widespread flooding in the Mohawk and Hudson river basins and eastern Catskills has occurred. Flooding was most severe along the Mohawk River and its tributaries. On Tuesday, June 27th, a frontal boundary stalled across the region. The boundary extended from southern Quebec across central New York and to Florida. A weak disturbance, tropical in origin, moved along the boundary across southeast New York Wednesday morning, June 28th. A strong low-level jet also developed, which transported more tropical moisture into central and eastern New York. Rainfall amounts from June 26th through the 30th ranged from as little as around an inch up to around a foot in the eastern Catskills.
April 15-16, 2007
An intense and powerful storm brought flooding rains and heavy wet snowfall to the region. Rainfall amounts of 6 to 8 inches were reported across the eastern Catskills, mid-Hudson Valley and western New England resulting in were reported across the eastern Catskills, mid Hudson Valley and western New England resulting in widespread flooding. Snowfall accumulations of 1 to 1 1/2 feet were reported across the southern Adirondacks, eastern Catskills, Berkshires and the southern Green Mountains with resulting power outages.

Low-pressure system developed over the deep south by Friday morning, April 13th. The low-pressure system then tracks eastward across the southeastern United States early in the weekend. By Sunday morning, the low center was over the Carolina, and precipitation had spread northward across the local area. The storm rapidly intensified as it headed northeast into the Mid Atlantic Region Sunday, April 15th. The storm was a its deepest around sunrise Monday, April 17th, with a surface pressure of 28.61 inches (969 millibars) over Nassau County (Long Island), New York. The low moved little throughout the day Monday and finally began to drift southeastward Monday night.

January 25-26, 2010
Flooding occurred across East Central New York and adjacent western New England on January 25th and 26th from a combination of rainfall and snowmelt. Rain was heaviest in the Catskill Mountains where 3 to 5 inches of rain fell. Elsewhere, just under 1 to around 2 inches of rain was reported. There was some snowmelt, but the mountains did not lose their snow cover.Flash flooding also occurred due to heavy rain on frozen ground. In addition, some ice jam flooding was reported. Some mud and rock slides were also reported. River flooding was widespread and ranged from minor to moderate. Significant ice jam flooding was reported on January 26th in the . Significant ice jam flooding was reported on January 26th in the Town of Dolgeville, NY along the East Canada Creek (Herkimer and Fulton Counties) and in Rotterdam Junction, NY and Scotia, NY along the Mohawk River in Schenectady County. Minor ice jam flooding was reported along the Mohawk River in Schenectady, NY. Also, minor tidal flooding occurred along the Hudson River in the vicinity of Poughkeepsie, NY.Rotterdam Junction, NY and Scotia, NY along the Mohawk River in Schenectady County. Minor ice jam flooding was reported along the Mohawk River in Schenectady, NY. Also, minor tidal flooding occurred along the Hudson River in the vicinity of Poughkeepsie, NY.
September 30th - October 1st, 2010
The remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole moved northward along a nearly stationary boundary along the east coast, bringing abundant tropical moisture into the region. A very strong low-level jet helped fuel the heavy rainfall, which led to widespread flooding and produced strong gusty southerly winds with resulted in damage to trees and power lines.  Rainfall reports ranged from just over 3 inches up to 9 inches across east-central New York and adjacent western New England. At the Albany International Airport, daily rainfall records were set for September 30th and October 1st. Widespread urban and small stream flooding was reported. Major flooding occurred on the Esopus Creek at Cold Brook and on the Schoharie Creek at Prattsville with widespread minor river flooding occurring along portions of the Esopus Creek, Rondout Creek, Schoharie Creek, Mohawk River, West Canada Creek, Hudson River, Sacandaga River and Still River. Prior to this, rainfall deficits were running around 6 to 9 inches across east-central New York and western New England. There were moderate drought conditions across southern Vermont, the Berkshires and northwestern Connecticut into the Taconics of New York with abnormally dry conditions across much of east-central New York. Drought conditions eased after the event.  Prior to this rainfall deficits were running around 6 to 9 inches across east central New York and western New England. There were moderate drought conditions across southern Vermont, the Berkshires and northwestern Connecticut into the Taconics of New York with abnormally dry conditions across much of east central New York. Drought conditions eased after the event.
March 11-13, 2011
The combination of the heavy rainfall and runoff from the snowmelt due to mild temperatures caused flooding of rivers, streams, creeks, roads, and some low-lying urban areas. Moderate flooding occurred along the Esopus and Schoharie Creeks. Generally, 1 to 3 inches fell with locally higher amounts of 4 to 5 1/2 inches reported across portions of the eastern Catskills. An ice jam formed on the Mohawk River which resulted in flooding along the river in parts of Albany, Saratoga and Schenectady counties. The combination of increased flow from the upper Mohawk Basin and out of the Schoharie Creek due to runoff from the heavy rainfall and snowmelt caused ice to move. On Friday, March 11th, an ice jam in place in Schenectady County at Lock 9 and Lock 8 broke up and moved downstream. Another ice jam formed and extended from the Twin Bridges back towards Lock 7 in Niskayuna and caused flooding of some properties and houses along the river. The ice jam broke up and moved downriver without any additional flooding on Sunday, March 13th.
Record flooding occurred on the Hudson River at North Creek as a result of an ice jam. The ice jam extended from about 1 1/2 miles downriver from the Route 28N Bridge and northward about 3 miles. An ice jam began to form on Monday, March 7th, near the Route 28N Bridge in North Creek after heavy rainfall and snowmelt. Water backed up from the ice jam began flooding Old River Road early Thursday morning, March 10th, prompting the evacuation of some residents and the closure of the road. The water began to recede early Sunday afternoon, March 13th, when the ice jam released and moved downstream. The ice jam moved down the river and ripped trees from the river bank. The jam became lodged along the Route 418 Bridge in the town of Thurman Sunday evening, March 13th, with water levels receding behind the jam.
Tropical Storm Irene: August 28th, 2011
The storm made tertiary landfall near New York City and moved north northeast over Vermont. It produced widespread, devastating flooding in Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, and New Jersey. The observed sudden and tremendous increases in river stages in a 2–3 hour timeframe were more characteristic of flash flooding in small streams than expected behavior from main stem rivers. A rainfall maximum of over 18 inches was recorded in the Catskills. In addition to the widespread and significant flooding, tropical-storm-force winds took down many trees and resulted in nearly one million people without power, some for up to a week. Several towns in Vermont and in the Catskill Mountains in southeast New York were entirely isolated and eventually received airlifted disaster supplies until roadways were made passable again. Interstate 88 in New York was closed from Exit 22 to 24 from August 28th, 2011 through August 31st, 2011 due to flooding concerns, including evaluation of a bridge affected by high water (later deemed to be safe). Portions of Interstate 87 southbound (New York State Thruway) were closed on August 28th, 2011, for flooding as well as for downed trees and power lines.
Heavy to extreme rainfall resulted in catastrophic flooding. Rainfall amounts were generally 4 to 12 inches with locally up to 18 inches. Maps of 24-hour precipitation ending at 8 am on: August 28th & August 29th.   Peak River Crest USGS gages.  Peak Wind Gusts.  Local Storm Reports.  Post Tropical Cyclone Report.  National Hurricane Center – Tropical Cyclone Rerport.   NWS: Service Assessment Hurricane Irene August 21-30, 2011  
Remnants of Tropical Storm Lee: September 5-8, 2011
Heavy rainfall, combined with saturated soil from the excessive rains which fell in late August associated with the passage of Irene, led to widespread minor to moderate flooding on rivers, as well as small streams and creeks across eastern New York and adjacent western New England. Rainfall amounts of just over 2 inches to 9 inches occurred. Some major flooding did occur across portions of the western Mohawk River. In addition, flash flooding occurred across portions of the eastern Catskills and western Mohawk River Valley. Maps of 24-hour precipitation ending at 8 am on September 5th, September 6th, September 7th, and September 8th. National Hurricane Center – Tropical Cyclone Report.
Flash Flooding: Schoharie County- June 14th, 2013
On June 14th, showers and thunderstorms moved (trained) over areas that had received significant rainfall over the past several weeks from convection. Flash flooding occurred with the town of Middleburgh in Schoharie County; the hardest hit as small creeks and tributaries (surprisingly not the Schoharie Creek itself) (combined with elevation influences) resulted in much of the town experiencing flash flooding. Flash flooding was also reported in Sharon Springs, Schoharie, Richmondville, and Cobleskill. A group of elementary students at a school in Middleburgh was sheltered in place during the flooding since there was no way to get into Middleburgh during the height of the flooding.
Flash Flooding: Herkimer County- June 23rd, 2013
On June 23, slow-moving thunderstorms moved over the same areas (trained) of southern Herkimer County, which was already saturated from previous rainfall events over the last several weeks. Flash flooding occurred with the towns of Middleville and Herkimer hardest hit with several road washouts, reports of debris in roadways, and homes being flooded. Little fall also experienced flash flooding, with roads being washed out. Homes in Kast Bridge were flooded as well as roads being closed. Multiple roads were also washed out in Fairfield. West Canada Creek at Kast Bridge and Mohawk River at Little Falls.
Flash Flooding: Herkimer & Montgomery counties - June 28th, 2013
After several weeks of very wet weather, the ground across the region was already quite saturated due to recent flooding making the region susceptible to flooding. On June 28, heavy rainfall occurred across the Mohawk Valley and western Adirondacks, with rainfall fell at rates of nearly one inch per hour at times with a total rainfall of three to five inches. This led to significant flash flooding across both the Mohawk Valley and Adirondacks. Many roads were washed out and closed, including a portion of the New York State Thruway between exits 29 (Canajoharie) and 29A (Little Falls). In addition, urbanized areas along the Mohawk River experienced dangerous amounts of flooding. The entire town of Fort Plain was underwater, and many swift-water rescues had to take place. The West Canada Creek at Kast Bridge and the Mohawk River at Little Falls both experienced major flooding.
Flash Flooding: Herkimer, Fulton, Warren, Washington & Rensselaer Counties - July 1st, 2017
Several rounds of thunderstorms moved across the area, mainly along and north of Interstate 90. The storms resulted in torrential rainfall and flash flooding in portions of Herkimer, Fulton, Warren, Washington, and Rensselaer Counties. It was the second straight day of heavy rainfall for some of these areas. The village of Hoosick Falls was hit particularly hard by flash flooding, with many residences experiencing basement and first-floor flooding and several roads washed out as Woods Brook overwhelmed its flood protection system and coursed through the town. A state of emergency was declared for the village, where an estimated $300,000 in damage occurred. Across Rensselaer County, flooding resulted in an estimated $3.6 million in damage. Rainfall amounts up to 4 inches were recorded in Washington County, where several roads were washed out. Neighboring Warren County estimated $1 million in flood damage. In Herkimer County, a mudslide closed a state highway, and people had to be evacuated from locations in the villages of Herkimer and Frankfort due to rising water. Several area rivers reached minor and moderate flood stages, including the Mettawee River at Granville and West Canada Creek at Kast Bridge which crested just below the major flood stage. The dire need is to get yourself home inventory software for flooding to make sure that you are staying safe and doing adequate measures for disaster management.